Flat feet - types
- The transverse flat feet are a frequent feet defect. It is not treated as a health problem until it is accompanied by pain. In contrast, metatarsalgia is considered a disease; it is a burning pain under the metatarsal heads and degenerative-inflammatory changes of the nerves running between the metatarsal bones.
- Longitudinal flat feet are caused by the weakening of the long muscles of the foot, failure of the ligamentous and muscular apparatus, as well as lack of movement, overweight, standing work, or improper footwear. As a result of all this, our foot does not have the proper inner arch. It is easy to recognize by the condition of the worn footwear, which results in a cut inner part of the sole. At the valgus-flat foot, that is, the longitudinal flat feet, the shock absorption function is disturbed, which is why the foot gets tired very quickly, there is a swelling and unpleasant pain within it that also affects the calves, knees, and hips.
- The longitudinal transverse flat feet are a phenomenon when both types of flat feet occur together. The end result is the reduced elasticity of the foot, calf pain, walk becomes swaying and fatigue occurs quickly. Flat feet can cause many other ailments - from a headache to back problems.
Flat feet: acquired or congenital defect?
The laxity of ligaments and joint capsules is congenital, however, transverse flat feet are very often acquired. Characteristic external symptoms include calluses (excessively keratinized epidermis resulting from long-lasting pressure), bunions, and valgus fingers.
Treatment of irregularities involves regular exercises, foot gymnastics, and wearing of orthopedic insoles. Sometimes, however, if the foot is very deformed, a surgery is necessary.
In addition, let's remember about prevention - we should avoid overweight and take care of the good physical condition.
Always follow the rule: the shoe is for the foot, not the foot for the shoe.